Growing Sunflower for Flowers and Seeds

Developing Sunflower for Flowers and Seeds

Sunflowers (Helianthus spp. ) or Helianthus as the correct plant name is an twelve-monthly herb which derives their name from two Greek words, “helios” means the sunshine, and “anthos” means blossom, hence, the name sunflower. They belong to the Asteraceae family with a special characteristics of an aggregate of two different types of flowers, such as ray and disk plants, which look like a single blossom. They are a native to the American

Before this was domesticated, sunflowers were spread throughout the North and Central American regions growing wild. The utilization of sunflower for human consumption is known as early as the 29th century. 

The natives use sunflowers for ornamental and ceremonial use, and with food and flavor. The seeds were well prepared by grinding them to make flour, and frequently blended with beans, squash and corn to make a meal. Usually they pushed the seeds for petrol and cracked open for the kernels.

Another use of sunflower seeds was to produce a crimson dye used for decor, face and body piece of art and on cloth. They will also made oil away of sunflower seeds for both skin and locks care, and however, dried out plant stalks were used as materials to create building.

Sunflowers involves many different kinds. Quite simply, they are separated by way of a sizes, such as giant type which grows to a height of over 10 feet and miniature type that grows from two to four feet large. The miniature type is gaining popularity in South america as border plants.

The mid-sized type are selected and planted by gardeners to entice birds and some pesky insects for pollination to other companion crops.

Methods to grow sunflower

Soil requirements. Sunflowers thrives best with a soil abundant in organic and natural materials particularly if you’re growing the giant type. Becoming a deep rooted plant, they don’t withstand with a sandy soil since they’re easily uprooted by strong wind.

Sunlight. To get good flower formation, you should plant them in an open field with sufficient sunlight distribution during the day. They may tolerate in shaded areas, yet , there should be at least 4 – 6 hours of sun light a day.

Planting. The seeds should be sown directly to the field with the following space requirements: Giant type, 3 feet apart in series 3-4 feet apart; More advanced type, 2 feet aside in rows 3 ft apart; and Miniature type, 1 foot apart in rows 3 feet aside.

Fertilizer needs. To promote a bigger size plants, you should apply Phosphorous and Potassium fertilizers prior to start of flowering level.

Pest and disease control. Being a hardy grow, sunflowers have no serious problem with bugs. Just the birds and squirrels are sometimes the the one that invades the flowers. Similarly, no disease has recently been found attacking sunflowers.

Collection. For seed purposes, sunflowers are set for harvest 85 -120 days after seeding or sowing. There are also some specific time of maturity for variety you bought based on the labels specifications.
The exact time for the seeds to be farmed is when the blossom begins to die backside and all the padding have fallen down.

Minimize the dried heads, departing a few inches of the stalk, tie the stalks together then suspend them in a tinted and ventilated space. When they’re dried after a month, extract the seed products by rubbing the two loosed heads together to let the seeds comes out.

For flower use as craft projects and flower arrangements and wedding bouquets, simply cut the blossoms before they dried away and dry them for a couple of several weeks.

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